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Swords into Plowshares is the blog of the Peacemaking Program and the Presbyterian Ministry at the United Nations of the Presbyterian Mission Agency of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).

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November 13, 2012

The Convention on the Rights of the Child

World Day of Prayer and Action logoThe Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. In 1989, world leaders decided that children needed a special convention just for them because people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that the world recognized that children have human rights too.

The Convention sets out these rights in 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. It spells out the basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. Every right spelled out in the Convention is inherent to the human dignity and harmonious development of every child. The Convention protects children's rights by setting standards in health care; education; and legal, civil and social services.

By agreeing to undertake the obligations of the Convention (by ratifying or acceding to it), national governments have committed themselves to protecting and ensuring children's rights and they have agreed to hold themselves accountable for this commitment before the international community. States parties to the Convention are obliged to develop and undertake all actions and policies in the light of the best interests of the child.

The Convention on the Rights of the Child is based on the Declaration on the Rights of the Child, adopted by the United Nations on November 20, 1959. This declaration, in turn, is based on the work of Save the Children founder Eglantyne Jebb in 1923.

The 202nd General Assembly (1990) of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) called the United States to “take the action necessary for ratification of the convention in a thorough and timely manner.”

Thanks to Sera Chung for working on this post.

Categories: Children, Human Rights, United Nations

Tags: children, convention on the rights of the child, universal children's day, world day of prayer and action for children


  1. The United States has signed, but not ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child. As noted in the post, the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) has called the United States to both sign and ratify.

    by Mark Koenig

    PC(USA) Staff

    November 16, 2012

  2. Did the US sign this ratify the rights of achild?

    by Rita hooper

    November 16, 2012

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