Play examines black church arsons in the South

December 9, 2010

WASHINGTON, D.C.

For playwright Marcus Gardley, the theater is his pulpit and plays are his sermons.

His latest production, “every tongue confess,” seeks answers to the questions that swirled around the spate of arsons that hit black churches in the South in the 1990s.

“How deep does your forgiveness go?” Gardley asks in an interview. “Do you have the capacity to forgive someone even if they burn down the church?”

As a high school senior, Gardley, now 32, would rush home to check the latest news on the fires between reports on the O.J. Simpson murder trial.

“That decade, 300 churches burned in the South — 300,” he said. “I thought, well, why is that not getting at least the amount of coverage or more? They haven’t found the people that are burning these churches. Why is this not considered a big deal?”

Actress Phylicia Rashad, best known for her role as the smart and savvy Clair Huxtable on “The Cosby Show,” portrays Mother Sister, the preacher of a Baptist church in Boligee, Ala., whose members fear the next arson could hit them.

Her character echoes Gardley’s sentiments as the church faces the fires that burn around and within them.

“Three hundred churches have burned in the last 10 years and the government ain’t done nothin’ but turned its back,” Mother Sister preaches. “They can’t see that our church is all we got. It’s where we baptize our babies, marry our young’ins, bury our dead. It’s where we embrace God.”

The play, commissioned by Washington’s Arena Stage, premiered Nov. 9 and is scheduled to run through Jan. 2.

Rashad called the play “epic” in its treatment of broad themes of recognition and forgiveness that transcend beyond the arsons that shook the South a decade and a half ago.

“The church burnings, yes, that’s a very big part of it but it’s more about what’s going on in people that leads to church burning,” she said in an interview. “How is it that you profess love for God but can’t accept another human being?”

As he researched the fires, Gardley was struck by the news accounts of Timothy Welch, a member of the Ku Klux Klan who was convicted of burning two churches. Years earlier, he had sat outside a church he later torched, listening to the service inside.

“He didn’t realize he had community all along,” said Gardley, who believed the church should have been his community instead of the Klan. The playbill includes a note of forgiveness from a burned church’s pastor to Welch.

Rashad and Gardley compared the outreach to rebuild the churches, which spanned racial and regional lines, to the play’s message about discovering how people are more alike than they are different.

“I felt like the big message of the play is these are all our churches,” said Gardley, the son and nephew of ministers who was raised in the Church of God in Christ and now attends Times Square Church at the heart of Broadway.

Rashad, who was christened an Episcopalian and now says she has “great faith in God and in God’s presence in all things,” said the play aims to build human, not just racial understanding.

“I think the real understanding comes when we recognize our humanity in each other,” she said. “That’s not just between blacks and whites. That’s between all religions as well.”

Clocking in at just under two hours, “every tongue confess” captures the ethos of the black church, with recordings of gospel artist Shirley Caesar, a tambourine-playing black woman and a white female soloist who comforts Rashad’s character with a stirring rendition of “His Eye Is On the Sparrow.”

Humor slips in as the characters remark on the summer heat — “hotter than a hooker house on nickel night” — and the playbill’s church bulletin cautions against mayonnaise in potluck dishes.

As his characters struggle with interracial relationships, lynchings and dreams of a better life in the big city, Gardley demonstrates how interconnected they all are.

Their names invoke both the church and the fires around them: Gossiping church members are called Brother and Elder. Mother Sister’s son Shadrack, and Benny Pride, the daughter of an arsonist, are plays on the names of Shadrach and Abednego, two of the three men who survived the fiery furnace in the Old Testament book of Daniel.

As the title implies, every character has a confession to make. And as the fires grow, they do.

“Looks like we ain’t got much time left,” says Elder. “Should I pray? Should I sing a hymn from back in the day? Should I gossip?”

Gardley said the play was shaped by his experience as a teenager attending a Foursquare Gospel church in Oakland, CA, where the words of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. hit home.

“What I learned at the church is more about the power of diversity,” he said, “and about what it really means to accept people for the content of their character.”

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